Date palm is a xerophytic tree that can grow in low water areas. English name dates, scientific name Phoenix datylifera and family Arecaceae. It is a dioecious plant with separate mils and per mils. Dates are a well-known souvenir of Saudi Arabia, which is considered an essential ingredient in traditional hospitality along with Arabic coffee. Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Iran are the largest date producing countries. Pakistan is at the fifth position. Dates have been cultivated in the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. There is archaeological evidence of date palm cultivation in Arabia from the sixth millennium BC. Countries in the Middle East and North Africa are the largest producers and consumers.
Date palm plants grow singly or form a clump with several stems from a single root. If properly cared for, fruit will be produced in seven to eight years and a full tree in 100 years. Fruits are dark brown to bright red or yellow, 1 to 3 inches long and about 1 inch in diameter. Contains 61-68% sugar when dried. There are more than 200 varieties in Saudi Arabia that are widely popular for their unique flavors, textures, colors and sweetness. ▪️Ajwa holy date. This date of black or dark brown color and special taste is also known as holy date. ▪️This dark brown and oval shaped date palm known as Khalas tastes like sweet butter. Dates Meaning In Urdu = کھجور
▪️Scree palm. ‘Sukri’ means sweet in Arabic, it is also known to be a great source of fiber and has a reputation for treating heart disease. ▪️Tamar Saqqee are dates with different structure, one part of this date is soft and the other part is dry and slightly raw. What are the benefits of eating dates? ▪️ Dates contain many types of antioxidants that protect against many diseases. ▪️Antioxidants called carotenoids form a protective layer around the heart, keeping the heart healthy.
▪️It contains copper, selenium and magnesium which play an important role in keeping bones strong. ▪️ Choline and vitamin B in dates are very beneficial for improving memory. It also contains vitamin C and fiber. ▪️ Dates are beneficial for elderly people to prevent Alzheimer’s disease.